Learn Basic English for Free: Lesson 1

basic englishLearn Basic English for Free

Do you want to learn basic English for free? Great! Here is a very English lesson we designed to introduce a beginner to easy English!

ALPHABET:

A, a; B,b; C,c; D,d ;E,e; F,f; G,g; H,h; I,i; J,j; K,k; L,l; M,m; N,n; O,o; P,p; Q,q; R,r; S,s; T,t; U,u; V,v; W,w; X,x; Y,y; Z,z

Vowels are: A, a; E, e; I,i; O,o; U,u

 

Singular Pronoun

I

You 

He (male)/ She (female)

Plural Pronoun

We 

You

They

Pronoun + “To Be” – (To be, to exist = am, are, is)

I am

You are

He or She is

We are

You (all) are

They (all) are

More examples of Pronoun  + To Be

 To be, to exist = am, are, is

I am

You are

He is

It is

Life is

We are

You are

They are

Those (things) are

The basic structure of an English sentence is:

Subject – Verb – Object

SUBJECT NOUN: Most sentences begin with a Noun, or Subject. A noun is a Person, place, or thing. The first noune in the sentence is usually “doing something.” 

VERB: After the noun usually comes a Verb. A verb is an action. Something is happening; the noun is doing something, and that is the verb…

OBJECT: After the verb is usually an Object. An object is a noun, too, but it is a thing that something is happening to. The first noun is doing something to the second noun! 

The basic structure of an English sentence is: Subject – Verb – Object

Am is a Verb, but not an ‘action’ verb. It is a condition of existence. 

Examples of Basic Sentence structure (Subject, Verb, Object): 

The cat (subject) ate (verb) the bird (object).

The man spoke to the woman.

The woman kicked the ball.

The car hit a tree.

The 5 W’s and an H: Who, What, Where, When, Why & How?

Who? (refers to a person)

Who am I? (I’m Matt.) Who are we?
Who are you? Who are you? (plural)
Who is he/she? Who are they?

What? (refers to a thing)

What is this? (near) (This is a pen.) What are these? (plural)?
What is that? (a little farther away) What is all that? (plural)
What are those? (farther away) Who are they?

Where? (refers to a place)

Where am I? (I am in Turkey.) Where are we?
Where are you? Where are you? (plural)
Where is he/she? Where are they?

When? (refers to a time)

When I am leaving? (In a few minutes.) When are we leaving?
When are you leaving? When are you leaving? (plural)
When is he leaving? When are they leaving?

Why? (refers to a reason)

Why am I doing this lesson? (To learn English.) Why are we doing this?
Why are you doing that? Why are you doing that? (plural)
Why is she doing that? Why are they doing that?

How? (refers to method of doing, or condition of something)

How do I look? (You look great!) How do we look?
How are you doing? How are you doing? (plural)
How did she come here? How did they come here?

More examples of How:

How did you come here?

I came by plane.

I came by train.

I came by car.

I came by bus.

I came by foot.

Vocabulary:

A letter (a, b, c, d…)

A word (cat, dog, chair, phone…)

A sentence (This is a sentence.)

A question (Is this a question?)

Period (This sentence ends with a period.)

Comma (A comma separates ideas in a sentence, and also separates items in a list. For example, here is a list of words: who, what, where, when, why, how?)

Last letter of the alphabet is: Z (“Zed” is a man’s name; in British English, they call Z “Zed.” No one knows why, but don’t do that in American English)

Location:

To >>>

At/On/In

>>> From

The cat jumped from the chair to the floor. Where is the cat?

On the floor.

We walked from the store to our house. Now we are at our house.

The car drove to Istanbul from Ankara. It is in Istanbul.

Where are you at?

Where are you going to?

Where are you coming from?

What are you sitting on?

Which town do you live in?

Directions:

 

North

learn basic english for free

<<< West                                 East >>>

 

South

 

Asia is ________ of Europe?

South America is ____________ of Canada?

England is ______________ of Austraila?

Possessives:

My car is blue. Our car is yellow.
Your car is red. Your car is silver. (plural)
Her car is green. Their car is black.

 

Matt’s car is blue Matt and Inci’s car is yellow.
Elif’s car is red. The Oygur’s car is red.
His wife’s car is green. Her family’s car is green.

We hope this post helped you learn basic English for free! Click here to  Lesson 2.

For more from Matt and Büşra Bayram, please subscribe to our website and Like our Facebook page!

mad english lab

 

Busra Bayram

Busra Bayram is the co-founder of and social media model for Mad English Lab.

2 thoughts on “Learn Basic English for Free: Lesson 1

Comments are closed.